Huh, why are we talking about IBS (Irritabel Bowel Syndrome) on Allergyplatform? That is not an allergy, is it?
Correct. IBS is a common disorder that affects the intestine.
There are certain foods that can trigger symptoms, so you could say that people with IBS have some kind of food intolerance. Triggers can be specific short chain carbohydrates grouped by the acronym FODMAP. The foods don’t cause the IBS, but many people have worsened IBS symptoms when they eat or drink certain foods or beverages, including wheat, dairy products, citrus fruits, beans, cabbage, milk and carbonated drinks.
Low FODMAP diet
FODMAPs are short chain carbohydrates that are poorly absorbed in the intestine. The term FODMAP is an acronym, deriving from “Fermentable, Oligo-, Di-, Mono-saccharides And Polyols”.
The restriction of these FODMAPs from the diet has been found to have a beneficial effect for sufferers of irritable bowel syndrome and other functional gastrointestinal disorders like Crohn’s disease and IBD. The diet does not cure Crohn’s disease nor IBD, but it helps with the digestion of food so the symptoms are less.
Please keep in mind that the low FODMAP diet is not a lifetime diet. The very strict low FODMAP phase of the diet should be followed for a period of maximum of weeks rather than months. The next phase, the reintroduction phase, can help to provide knowledge of the FODMAP tolerance for each group.